National Center for Constitutional Studies
|"A primary object.should be the education of our youth in the science of government. In a republic, what species of knowledge can be equally important? And what duty more pressing.than.communicating it to those who are to be the future guardians of the liberties of the country?"
Click here to order
Click here for some
great ideas on celebrating
A few years ago a man asked me, "How can you claim the Constitution and the founding of America has religious or Christian roots when the Constitution doesn't even mention Christ, God, or the Bible?" In my answer to him I reminded him that it wasn't the purpose of the Constitution to set forth basic beliefs. The Constitution outlines the plan of government in its divided, limited, and balanced powers. Then I said to him, "You know we have two great founding documents in America. The other is the Declaration of Independence. It speaks of our beliefs all the way through. That is where you can find a declaration of Americans' belief in God."
As we approach another July 4th celebration, it seems an appropriate time to review the principles of liberty, the basic beliefs, and the principles of independence which are contained in this marvelous document of freedom. I am convinced if Americans really knew and held to what was contained in the Declaration of Independence, it would lead to solutions to every problem which plagues us today. The Constitution of the United States sets up a government by which fallible, imperfect man, with all his passions and temptations, could best preserve the beliefs and concepts outlined in the Declaration.
The Declaration of Independence Part of American Law
Professor John Eidsmoe writes:
"The role of the Declaration of Independence in American law is often misconstrued. Some believe the Declaration is simply a statement of ideas that has no legal force whatsoever today. Nothing could be further from the truth. The Declaration has been repeatedly cited by the U.S. Supreme Court as part of the fundamental law of the United States of America.
"The United States Code Annotated includes the Declaration of Independence under the heading 'The Organic Laws of the United States of America' along with the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, and the Northwest Ordinance. Enabling acts frequently require states to adhere to the principles of the Declaration; in the Enabling Act of June 16, 1906, Congress authorized Oklahoma Territory to take steps to become a state. Section 3 provides that the Oklahoma Constitution 'shall not be repugnant to the Constitution of the United States and the principles of the Declaration of Independence.' (Christianity and the Constitution, pp. 360-361)
Jefferson had Already Studied the "Ancient Principles"
Dr. Skousen tells us of the scholarly work Jefferson had done prior to writing the Declaration as though in preparation for it.
"While studying the history of ancient Israel, Jefferson made a significant discovery. He saw that at one time the Israelites had practiced the earliest and most efficient form of representative government. As long as the Israelites followed their fixed pattern of constitutional principles, they flourished. When they drifted from it, disaster overtook them. Jefferson thereafter referred to this constitutional pattern as the 'ancient principles.'
"Jefferson was also surprised to find that the Anglo-Saxons somehow got hold of some of these 'ancient principles' and followed a pattern almost identical to that of the Israelites, until around the eighth century AD. It is interesting that when Jefferson was writing his drafts for the Virginia constitution he was already emphasizing the need to return to the 'ancient principles.'" (The Making of America, pp. 27-28)
The Writing of the Declaration of Independence
We recall that the Declaration begins with two paragraphs, followed by a long list of grievances and charges against King George, then is concluded by one paragraph followed by the signatures. Altogether it took Jefferson seventeen days to complete the assignment. Actually the list of charges takes up most of the space but probably took Jefferson only one day to write it. This is because he had already drafted the charges in a document he had previously composed so it was only a matter of copying them. This leaves sixteen days to write the two first paragraphs and an ending one! Some of our students have asked why it would take him that long to write a few paragraphs. It appears that he spent most of the time trying to structure into the first paragraphs some of the "ancient principles" which he had come to admire.
Identifying the "Ancient Principles"
We hold these truths to be self-evident.
By adopting this Declaration, the Founders were saying there are certain facts that are so obvious they don't need further proof or even any further discussion. This would certainly surprise some in academic circles today who love to philosophize for endless hours about the existence of a Creator, the equality of man, and the endowment of rights by the Creator. Here is the declaration in American law of the simple, fundamental belief in a Supreme Creator! And, they said, this is the only basis for sound government!
.all men are created equal.
If we believe in a Supreme Creator and that He created us, then we must be His children and we must all be brothers and sisters. As such, no one has an inherent right to rule over any one else. This is a Declaration of Independence not only from the King of England but also from our own fellow citizens who might attempt to force control upon us in the form of regulation or licensing. Why should I need to gain my neighbor's permission (or his agent, the government's permission) in order to go into a particular business or occupation? Anytime we set up someone to give permission to another, we have basically said we are unequal. Of course, this does not preclude having rules for the enjoyment of jointly owned property such as roads, public buildings, etc.
This phrase presupposes, as a self-evident truth, that the Creator made human beings equal in their rights, equal before the bar of justice, and equal in his sight. Of course, individual attributes and personal circumstances in life vary widely. Is there room here for classes of people, each with certain rights? No. When we begin to classify people, as rulers and dictators must always do for control, we deny the very equality we claim to have.
.that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
These are the three great natural rights of all mankind. An unalienable right is one which was given by the Creator and cannot be taken away by man. If man does violate these rights or take them from us, the offender will surely come under the judgment and wrath of the Creator because it interferes with the Creator's plan of happiness for His children. It is interesting to note that the Creator requires government, which is set up to protect man's rights, to punish individuals who attempt to take another's rights from him. The punishment always involves one or more of these three unalienable rights: life (capital punishment), liberty (confinement), or pursuit of happiness (taking property in the form of fines)
Because we have combined our resources into communities and states, we have also had to make certain rules for the orderly operation and use of these jointly owned facilities (roads, parks, utilities, courts, etc.) The rights to use these things are called vested rights because they do not come from the Creator and can be changed by the people. Vested rights are created to protect the three great unalienable rights of the people.
..That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.
The purpose of government is to protect the rights of the people. When people join together to hire a policemen or a fireman, they have created government. But where does a policeman get his authority? From the only place where all authority is - from the people themselves. It is interesting to note that there is only authority in individuals not in groups. Groups are only empowered as individuals come together into groups and delegate to the group some of their authority. Even then groups of people in cities or states or nations can only do what individuals can do. This is an idea which is seldom understood. Somehow most Americans have the idea that groups take on additional authority just because they are a group. All we have to ask is, "From where does the additional authority come?" If an act is wrong for an individual to do it (like taking money from one person and giving it to another) then it is wrong for two people to do it or for a whole community or nation to do it.
If we could just get our legislatures to understand and agree to abide by just this one principle, our legislative sessions would be cut to just a few weeks and the American people would be spared the burden of hundreds of new laws each year.
Another interesting part of this ancient principle is that no agency of government has any right to exist except with the consent of the people. The people have consented to what is written in the Constitution, but where in the Constitution (or the plan of government) have the people given permission for the hundreds of offices of government which are overwhelming our people? It is true that Congress has created them but where did Congress get the authority from the people? We must answer - nowhere.
..That, whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness.
Here is the wish of billions of people since man began to be on this earth! To be able to peacefully change a repressive government and to replace it with one that will work according to the wishes of the governed. Peaceful self-repair! Even the Founders didn't have that.
Just think of it. Every two years we can change every legislator in every state in this union! Every two years we can change the whole House of Representatives in Washington! We can change one-third of the Senate! Every four years we can change the president and most governors in the land and another one-third of the Senate! We have the system in place which most people have just dreamed about. It takes no riots, no rebellions, no assassinations, no battles. We just have to want it badly enough!
A few have used the Founders' example as justification for suggesting we take up arms and use force to bring about change. They say, "But the Founders were in a minority and they used force to bring about change." The Founders held closely to the principle that only a majority of the people have authority to change the government. So they waited until they had a majority - it actually turned our to be unanimous among the states.
Acceptance of the Declaration of Independence is Acceptance of God as Our King
The true spirit of the Declaration is the spirit of liberty. It severs all ties to any earthly authority, except those whom the people choose for the protection of their unalienable rights. The Declaration of Independence is a declaration of individual liberty. It is a declaration of our individual belief that God is our one and only King.
When we reject the Declaration or let it fall into oblivion by our ignorance of it, it seems we are putting ourselves into the same position ancient Israel did when the people asked for a king. Samuel was the last great judge of Israel. The Israelites seemed to fall for the one-world philosophy and began to ask for a king so they could be like their neighbors. Samuel pleaded with them to stay free and independent of the rest of the world and of a king, but they refused to listen. When he went to the Lord, Samuel was told, "they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them." (1 Samuel 8:7)
Benjamin Franklin described the plight of ancient Israel, which is the fate America seems to be experiencing as we reject the freedom saving principles of our precious Declaration of Independence. Said he: "Only a virtuous people are capable of freedom. As nations become corrupt and vicious, they have more need of masters."
As Activity Increases, Your Support Is Urgently Needed
With events in our country continuing to alarm its citizens and with the plea from influential Americans to get more involved, the requests for NCCS seminars and activities are on the rise. We are scheduled to soon hold seminars in the following areas: Grand Blanc, Michigan; Sacramento, California; Ely, Nevada; Flagstaff, Arizona; Cedar Hills, Utah; and Salt Lake City, Utah. Please contact us for the phone number of the host in your area.
Hopefully, each of you will feel the need to continue to donate what you can each month to help us reach these and many more areas in the near future. If you are asking what you can do, a small contribution goes a long way.
Earl Taylor, Jr.